How To Start A Food Catering Truck Business

food-catering-truck-by-stevelyon.jpg Looking for a fun way to pick up the slack and increase the paycheck during these tough economic times? Why not try a simple service business, such as driving a food catering truck?

My first exposure to the tasty delights that can be found on a catering truck was on a military base overseas. Every noon hour, the chow wagon (affectionately referred to as the “roach coach”) rolled onto the tarmac in front of the hanger where our two C-123B cargo planes where based.

This was almost 40 years ago and I can still recall the taste of their Asian fried chicken lying on top of a bed of fried rice — all packaged up in a neat little box that served as both a delivery container and serving bowl.

Over the years, I’ve worked at many different locations that were faithfully serviced by a shiny chrome truck bringing snacks, quick meals, and often local specialty dishes that you just couldn’t get anywhere else. One thing that all worksites have in common is hungry workers. No matter if it’s a construction site, a sales lot, or even a multi-story office building — wherever more then a dozen people are employed, a catering truck of some sort is likely to include those locations on their daily route.

Catering trucks that service job sites throughout the work day usually come in 2 styles:

  • The lunch truck — a stainless steel catering unit, mounted on a pickup truck cab and chassis. The vendor stands alongside and the truck’s sides open like wings to display the products. Usually, one side of the truck is the cold side with the display case filled with ice, and sandwiches, cold drinks, fruit, and anything else that requires refrigeration would be located on that side. The other side of the truck would likely be equipped with a large coffee urn, and warming oven to keep heated items ready to serve.
  • The catering truck — a full service stand-up rolling kitchen. Usually this type of catering truck is manned by 2-3 people. One may work the crowd outside collecting money and passing orders to those inside who are doing the cooking and packaging. This is where burgers, fries, breakfast specials, and other specialty items are cooked to order on the spot.


Rules & Regulations

Getting into the catering truck business requires a close relationship with:

In most instances, you will be required to provide a business plan and submit plans for the type of equipment you intend to use, as well as the type of food you plan on selling.

Depending on your particular state, you may also be required to have a certified commercial kitchen for food storage, as well as to cook any products you intend to sell.

Mobile catering isn’t something you can get into without considerable research and asking a lot of questions. Getting off on the right foot is very important because if the Health Department doesn’t approve your business, you’ll be shut down before you even get started.

Be sure to check out Mobile Catering & Food Concession Businesses — the only website and online forum exclusively devoted to mobile catering, food concession, and vending cart businesses.


Food Catering Products

The equipment you will need for a food truck business depends greatly on what you will be selling.

food-catering-truck-by-andyi.jpg For example, if you only plan on reselling snacks, soft drinks, and sandwiches which have been purchased from a wholesale distributor pre-packaged (and thus require no actual cooking), then you may only need a permit from your state Department of Agriculture to open your business.

On the other hand, if you will be producing food from raw ingredients, the requirements will be considerably more complex.

Most important is to realize that every state (and even every city) may have different permit and licensing requirements. If you think you found the perfect deal on items for your business on eBay, make sure the Health Department is on the same page first. Buying something from out of state may not meet the requirements of your location. You could be making a very expensive mistake if your plans aren’t pre-approved.

It is also recommended that you get a good publication like How to Start a Lunch Truck Business that will describe in detail what is really involved in setting up your mobile catering business. It’s a small investment up front that will save you lots of headaches (and money) during in the process of running your business.

See how to plan a menu for a food catering truck.


Where To Buy Catering Truck Equipment

If you’re interested in getting into the catering truck business, here are some resources for trucks and equipment:

In this video tour of a modern catering truck, they explain lots of new conveniences that will increase your sales and make your venture more profitable:

Curtis Carper

Curtis Carper

I’ve been involved in RVing for over 40 yrs -- including camping, building, repairing, and even selling RVs. I’ve owned, used, and repaired almost every class and style of RV ever made. I do all of my own repair work. My other interests include cooking at home, living with an aging dog, and dealing with diabetic issues. If you can combine a grease monkey with a computer geek, throw in a touch of information nut and organization freak, combined with a little bit of storyteller, you've got a good idea of who I am.

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Fun From Around the Web

  • Anonymous

    Contact the DMV for info on legal places to store your truck. If that don’t help contact local parking lots and businesses ask them for a space to park it work out a deal with them to maybe pay X amount of dollars per month to store it.

  • Anonymous
  • Anonymous

    RoadStoves is where its at. I would also check for inspiration on types of trucks which are doing well.

  • Coffee Club

    This is one of the most convenient ways to do business without paying rentals and property taxes.

  • lovesbbq

    i have a 27ft r v would like to use for a food truck can i .use lp plumbing and electric /replace with new walls and ceilings / have a bbq place want to use it for catering / have most the stuff already/ to put in it/ if built to code / will the old stuff still work / want bath still /and gut the rest for remodel to my layout / can do most my self


    I have various step vans available that are perfect for customizing your own food truck.
    Anyone interested feel free to call. 516-782-7087 we always have a couple different makes and models to choose from.

  • smokehouse

    good info also check out if you live in San Diego and need catering prep work.

  • David

    we are starting a gourmet food truck in santa barbara ca. check out our website.
    o street truck

    wish us luck!

  • Richard Myrick

    Great article Curtis. If any of your readers are interested is an online magazine that covers all aspects of the mobile food industry.

  • Richard Myrick

    Great article Curtis. If any of your readers are interested is an online magazine that covers all aspects of the mobile food industry.

  • sherman
  • truckrental

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  • ford f650

    Hi great information …One of my friends is thinking about starting his new business in food catering. I will give him your blog’s reference.

  • truckrental

    good post , hope that many had earned. A simple business that you should have.

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    truck for your right term of moving your belongings be in a matter of choices where you can satisfy.

  • Sweet Symphony Fudge Trolley

    This is awesome info. Thanks so much for posting this. I’m starting a Fudge Trolley in the Tidewater/Hampton Roads area in Virginia… It’s been interesting trying to find equipment for the renovation. I’m hoping some of your pointers will help us out. :)

  • hezelcrowns

    definitely this term is good, a helpful manner where i people who want to enter this kind of business.

  • hezelcrowns

    A great step to carry on as you plan to establish this kind of business.

  • truckrental

    nice description of job or business to easily carry on.

  • truckrentals

    real investment are always the best thing that we have to put on before having this. Am I fit to that area , and do i have that step to make my starting point good?

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  • truckrentals

    great idea , sure that people who have this terms can easily start the way they are to be in that business.

  • movingtruckrental

    this equipment can create you a great things where in food truck  business is to be in through this thing. 

  • hezelcrowns

    a right equipment in your business can take your part to grab the beat things that you and your company are  being on,.

  • billi

    thanks it helped a lot i just come up with a spice and want to get a concesion truck

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  • jerry

    hows the best way to clean a stainless steel taco grill after each use

  • Richard

    Good info, one obstacle though which keeps popping up for how to start a food truck businessis is financing a mobile asset like a food catering truck. What are your thoughts on that? Also, it should be noted that a retired person is most likely going to need some help in running a food truck! You really need a lot of energy, so you do need some young blood helping!

  • Joan Bebera

    Great tips! One day, I might start this kind of business in our town. Hopefully it will click! Well, goodluck to me.

    catering pittsburgh

  • Jill Donna Mullins

    This information is very helpful, the restaraunt that I was running and head Chef in had just closed down due to the owner’s family issues. So I now am looking into getting my own Catering business on wheels going. So I am looking into trucks and equipment for in the truck. The info def helps…..

    • FunTimesGuide

      So glad you found the info helpful, Jill. Best of luck with your new catering business!!!